The original is lost, and just a 1568 copy is preserved, leading to doubts over the authenticity of the claim.
The oldest preserved stone inscription is the 9th-century Branimir Inscription found near Benkovac, where Duke Branimir is styled as Dux Cruatorvm.
Compare DUX CRUATORVM [sic] ("Duke of the Croats") attested in the Branimir inscription.
The first attestation of the Latin term is attributed to a charter of Duke Trpimir from the year 852.
The inscription is not believed to be dated accurately, but is likely to be from during the period of 879–892, during Branimir's rule.
The area known as Croatia today was inhabited throughout the prehistoric period.
During the early 19th century, parts of the country were split into the French Illyrian Provinces, and Austria-Hungary occupied its Bosnia and Herzegovina side–a dispute settled by the 1878 Treaty of Berlin.
Roman survivors retreated to more favourable sites on the coast, islands and mountains.
The city of Dubrovnik was founded by such survivors from Epidaurum.
Croatia provides a universal health care system and free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing.
The name of Croatia derives from Medieval Latin Croātia.
Fossils of Neanderthals dating to the middle Palaeolithic period have been unearthed in northern Croatia, with the most famous and the best presented site in Krapina.